There is a recurring term very common nowadays in the building and architecture sectors: sustainability. In the search for it, new architectural styles have emerged, where balance and harmony with environment are becoming a fixed value. Bioclimatic architecture would stand as an example of that. But, what does this cover?

Bioclimatic architecture is the one that takes note of climate and environmental conditions to achieve thermal control in the spaces. That is how energy consumption is saved and environmental impact diminished. We save money by saving energy, as well as we live in a more sustainable way.

It might seem a new and sophisticated movement, but it is not the case. The history of the different communities provides us with examples of how our ancestors were able to blend dwelling design with the available building materials, in order to gain solar radiation during the winter, ventilate and refresh constructions in summer and create humid microclimates in arid places.

It is advisable to pay attention to the inventive housings of the past and learn from them. Even in the early 20th century, bioclimatism forefathers Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright contributed to climate control finding inspiration in good part in the notes they took during their trips to eastern towns, where the ancient architectural traditions still prevailed.

Bioclimatism tends to maintain a comfortable climate inside buildings without resorting to use non-renewable resources. Our purpose is usually to keep the house warmer than the environment in winter and cooler in summer. This is achieved by maintaining good balance between heat savings and losses. Our need is to know how to gain heat and how it could be leaked.

Here are some considerations to bear in mind:

Proper ventilation and wall insulation to achieve maximum efficiency when keeping temperature stable (using polystyrene, for instance).

To integrate renewable resources to avoid pollution or expenses by using fossil fuels when we are in need of that energy.

-To turn the building entrance into a lobby so that a microclimate is generated at an intermediate temperature between the interior and the exterior.

The use of Manusa automatic doors, either as a simple installation or as two doors in airlock system, since they finish off air streams, restrict air exchange with the exterior to a minimum and use little energy in an efficient way.

Building aspect, in order to take most profit of daylight.

-To use as far as possible natural materials, as well as the ones that are most used by region (it will work out cheaper and easier to obtain).

Exterior elements, such as awnings, shutters or pergolas, can be greatly helpful.

When a new construction is being built, considering all the above-mentioned does not lead to a significant increase in the final price. As a matter of fact, studies from different European and South-American Universities have reached the conclusion that building by means of bioclimatic techniques may result in a reduction of the price by 5% to 20%, as opposed to a traditional construction. On the other hand, energy consumption throughout their life cycle could reduce its cost by 20% to 50%.

If we add the reduction of the final price of the construction to the savings during its use and the reduction of pollution, what can be stated is that this type of buildings are 100% recommended.