Since the electricity price is constantly increasing, due to, among other factors, the gas supply delivering problems of Algeria, which with a 59% rate,  is Spain’s most important provider, energy efficiency can be regarded as crucial in our society not only for what concerns domestic consumption but also for industrial facilities’ one. As a matter of fact, even though climate change and energy efficiency have already raised public awareness, governments are those that should promote them since both are more and more necessary to preserve the health of the planet.

The European Union established for 2020 the so called 20-20-20 objective which aims to reach sustainability in Europe by limiting  CO2  gas emission  thanks to the reduction of energy consumption. The main points that the aforementioned objective encompasses are the following ones:

  1. Reducing 20% of greenhouse gas emissions
  2. Reaching 20% of energy saving by fostering either energy efficiency or the use of biofuel in public transportation
  3. Increasing 20% the use of renewable energies

However, the planet is not the only one that will benefit from the new energy organization frame. In fact, the “20-20-20 objective” goes even beyond that and aims to turn the present industrial and firm model into the so called “4.0 industry model”.

What does 4.0 industry model mean?

The 4.0 industry model, also known as the fourth industrial revolution, cyber future industry or smart industry was originally born in Germany and refers to a new approach towards the means of production :they will be organized in a digital way, by balancing either the physical or virtual world and producing cleaner energy much more efficiently.

The goal of the aforementioned industrial model is to turn the present factories into “smart factories”. The main aspects of the so called smart factories rely in their higher sustainability and adaptability to the production necessities as well as a more efficient resources usage that contributes to reduce either the product price or pollutants gas emissions.

The “future factorieswill be indeed capable of organizing themselves autonomously. In fact, the machinery they are made of can either communicate and adjust to the environment by making, at any time, the necessary decisions in order to attain the programmed goals, or optimize the available resources and the energy consumption too.

Nevertheless, in order to implement the aforementioned energetic organization model, it is vital to count on an extended database: that is the reason why the so called Internet of Things  has already risen to prominence. As a matter of fact, the more enviromnmental data you have, the more you are likely to succeed.

Main competitive pros of 4.0 factories

Not only is the present factory prototype changing, but so it is the customers’ model.  In fact, clients are no longer interested in what they were before, thus, they would like to find a higher personalization regarding products and services as well as diferentiation,  innovation and everything they can consider as an asset and are willing to pay for.  Only the firms and industries that will be able to quickly adjust to the above-mentioned industrial changes, will eventually thrive in the new market.

The firm brand will certainly be reinforced by using these new systems since they are  much more respectful either of the environment or of the citizens’ health and, on top of that, they comply with the 20-20-20 objective established by the European Union.

Apart from fulfilling the aforementioned expectations, those firms who decide to implement  the “4.0 factories’ model” will remarkably increase their profits in a short amount of time. As a matter of fact, this model contributes to reduce the production costs by optimizing both time and resources, cheapening the manufacturing prices and reducing the energy consumption which is the main cause of  CO2 emissions. In other words, energy efficiency contributes to support and foster competitiveness, since it perfectly meets the requirement of the new industrial strategy: creating more competitive products by reducing energy prices.

Countries such as USA, Japan, United Kingdom, China, North European Countries or Germany, which was the pioneer regarding the new factory model, have seriously increased the digitalization in the industrial process. However, Spain still cannot achieve the aforementioned industrial standards, according to PwC (which is one of the most important multinational regarding audit, consultancy and legal advice services and it also collaborates with the 97% of firms belonging to IBEX 35). Recent data shows us that, in Spain, just the 8% of industrial firms have already been capable of adjusting to the new digital and technological change, whereas, in the rest of the industrial  world, the  sector average is around the 33%.

Due to the new technological development and progress,  new niche markets have emerged, where firms can be and are more and more competitive by implementing the reduction of energy resources. The Internet of Things ( IoT), the big data and the advance in robotics enable 4.O industry to be regarded as a real milestone as far as the  technological and social development is concerned, the so called fourth industrial revolution, t revolution, in other words,  the symbol of the first years of the XXI century.

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